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how to find the root of a word

gratify - to please someone; grateful - feeling thankful; gratuity - a tip, token of appreciation. monotheism - belief in one god; polytheism - worshiping more than one god; theology - the study of religion, god, etc. Following are a few examples of how to find word roots: Failing--There is no prefix, but the common suffix "ing" is found. idiomatic - Peculiar to a particular language; idiosyncracy - a physical or mental characteristic typical or a particular person; idiot - someone who is distinctly foolish or stupid. eject - to throw someone/something out; interject - to throw a remark into a discussion; project - to cast or throw something. Surely the first place to look (if you can't simply work it out) is an etymological dictionary, whether on line or an actual book. nephritis - inflammation of the kidneys; nephrotomy - surgical incision of a kidney; nephron - a single, excretory unit in the kidney. epiphyte - a plant growing independently on the surface of another; hydrophyte - a plant that grows only in water; neophyte - a beginner, especially a person recently converted to a new belief. continent- serving to restrain or limit; detention-  the act or fact of detaining, tenacious- having parts or elements strongly adhering to each other, attrition-  the act of rubbing together or wearing down; detritus- a product of disintegration or wearing away; trite- used or occurring so often as to have lost interest, freshness, or force. kinetics - study of the force of motion; psychokinesis or telekinesis - the ability to move objects with your mind; cinematography - motion picture making. object - to be against something; obscure - hard to understand; opposition - the act of resistance or action against. liberate - to set free; libertine - a person with a free, wild lifestyle; liberty - freedom. After stripping the suffix, the root word "fail" is uncovered. computer - an electronic thinking device; dispute - to disagree with what another person thinks; input - contribution of one's thinking. contradict - to express the opposite of; prediction - a statement foretelling the future; dictate - to speak out loud for another person to write down. quadrant - open space with buildings on 4 sides; quadrennium - period of 4 years; quadruped - a 4-footed animal. endotherm - a creature that can keep its inside temperature fairly constant; endocrine - relating to glands that secrete directly into the blood or lymph; endogamy - the custom to marry within one's clan, tribe etc. florist - someone working with flowers; floral - flowerlike; flora - the plant life of a particular time or area. deride - to make fun of someone; ridicule - to make fun or mock; ridiculous - silly, causing laughter. audiometer- an instrument that measures hearing acuteness; chronometer- an instrument that measures time; metric - measured. esthetician - someone who beautifies; aesthetic - pertaining to a sense of beauty; kinesthesia - the sensation of bodily movement. accelerate - to increase the speed of; accessible - easily entered, approached, or obtained; admittance - allowing into; acrobat - a "high walker"; acronym - a word formed from the first (capital) letters of a word; acrophobia - fear of height, perceive - to take notice of something; captivating - taking hold of, cauterize - to burn with a hot instrument; caustic - capable of burning or eating away; holocaust - total devastation, especially by fire. eloquent - speaking beautifully and forcefully; emissary - a representative of a country or group sent on a mission; eject - throw out forcefully. // < ! parasite - an organism that lives on and off another living being; parallel - alongside and always an equal distance apart; paragraph - a portion of a writtenn document that presents a distinct idea. infrastructure - underlying framework of a system; infrared - below the regular light spectrum. regent - a person who rules on behalf of a king or queen; regime - a government that rules; regulate - to apply a rule. opponent - a person who places him/herself against an action, idea, etc. ultrahigh - extremely high; ultramodern - more modern than anything else; ultrasonic - sound waves beyond human hearing. panacea - a cure for all diseases or problems; panorama - an all-around view; pantheism - the worship of all gods; pandemic - affecting all. // < ! advocate - to speak in favor of; equivocate - to use misleading language that could be interpreted two different ways; vocalize - to produce with your voice. This step works exactly like Step 1, but rather than identifying prefixes at the beginning of the word, you identify any suffixes that might be at the end of the word. hypoglycemia - an abnormally low level of sugar in the blood; hypothermia - abnormally low body temperature; hypothesis - a theory that is unproven but used under the assumption that it is true. optimal - the best, the most desirable; optimize - to make the best of; optimum - the best something could be. maternal - relating to motherhood; maternity - the state of being a mother; matriarch - a woman head of a household. narrate - to tell a story; narrative - a story; narrator - a person who tells a story. international - involving two or more countries; intersection - place where roads come together; intercept - to stop or interrupt the course of. neoclassic - a revival of classic form, neocolonialism - the indirect ("new") economical and political control of a region by a more powerful foreign power; neonatal - a newborn child, especially the first few weeks. posthumous - after someone's death; postpone - to delay something; postscript - an addition to an already completed document. envision - to picture in the mind; enclose - lock inside; inwards - towards the inside. semiannual - every half year; semicircle - half a circle; semiconscious - partly conscious; semiannual - every half of a year. enumerate - to name a number of items on a list; numerology - the study of magical uses of numbers; numerous - a large number. self-discipline - the ability to discipline yourself; self-respect - respect for yourself; selfish concerned only with your own interests. Prefixes and suffixes can occur in multiples. desolate - lonely, dismal, gloomy; solitary - done alone, by yourself; solo - a performance done by one person alone. secede - to formally break away from; seclude - to keep away from; serum - a liquid isolated out of another. conscience - sense of knowing right from wrong; conscious - knowing what is happening; omniscient - knowing everything. inscribe - to write letters or words on a surface; scribe - a person who writes out documents; describe - to represent with words or pictures. durable - having the quality of lasting; duration - the length of time something lasts; enduring - able to last. forebear - ancestor; forebode - to give an advance warning of something bad; forecast - a preview of events to be. contemporary- existing at the same time; temporal - relating to time; temporary - lasting for a limited time. collaborate - to work with a person; elaborate - to work out the details; laborious - requiring a lot of hard work. juvenile - youthful or childish; rejuvenate - to bring back to youthful strength or appearance. preamble - a part in front of a formal document; prepare - to get ready in advance; prediction - a statement foretelling the future. excavate - to dig out; exhale - to breathe out; extract - to pull out. Rewrite the word without prefixes and suffixes. constellation - a group of stars that forms a pattern; interstellar - between the stars; stellar - relating to stars. euphemism - replacing an offensive word with an inoffensive one; euphonious - having a pleasant sound; euphoria - feeling of well-being. diarrhea - abnormally excessive bowl movement; hemorrhage - heavy blood flow; catarrh - inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially the nose and throat. hemicycle - a semicircular structure; hemisphere - one half of the earth; hemistich - half a line of poetry. conformity- correspondence in form, manner, or character; formation- something that is formed; reformatory- intended for reformation. Identify any prefixes. philanthropist - one who loves humanity; philology - the love of words; philosophy - the love of wisdom; bibliophil - loving books. technology - the practical application of knowledge; technocracy - rule of technology; technologically - characterized by technology. radioactive - emitting radiation; radiologist - someone diagnosing or treating via radiation. circumspect - cautious, looking all around; retrospective - a looking back at past things; spectator - a person who sees an event. Quite often, a prefix and a suffix are added to a word root to change the … geriatrics - medical care of the elderly; pediatrician - a doctor who treats children; podiatry - medical care for feet. unicycle - a vehicle with one wheel; unilateral - decided by only one person or nation; unique - the only one of its kind; unison - as one voice. artifact - an object made by a person; factory - a place where things are made; malefact - a person who does wrong. Identify any suffixes. equidistant - an equal distance from two points; equanimity - calm temperament, evenness of temper; equation - a statement of equality. Because there are many words in the English language with overlapping meanings, the root of a word can be used to determine which word best applies to a particular context. annaphillips. inspire - to stimulate or animate; transpire - to give of vapor with waste product through the skin or a membrane; spirit - invisible life force. veracious - truthful, honest; veracity - the truth; verify - to make sure that something is true. [CDATA[ orthodontist - a dentist that straightens teeth; orthopedic - a doctor concerned with the proper alignment of the bones; orthography - the correct way of writing. psyche - the human spirit or soul; psychic - relating to the human mind or someone who has supernatural mental abilities; psychology - the study of the mind. The prefix appears at the beginning of a word, the base in the middle and the suffix at the end. [CDATA[ extraterrestrial - existing outside the earth; terrain - ground or land; territory - an area of land. Mesoamerica - Middle America; meson - elementary particle with a mass between an electron and a proton. Swimmingly--This word has no prefix but two suffixes, "ing" and "ly." pseudonym - a fictitious name; pseudoscience - theories presumed without proof of a scientific nature; pseudopregnancy - a false pregnancy. Question #85813. Questions? rhinoceros - a species of animals with a big horn on the snout; rhinoplasty - surgery of the nose; rhinovirus - viruses that are causing the common cold. carnivorous - meat-eating; voracious - desiring or eating food in great quantities; devour - to eat quickly.

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